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Camila Filgueiras, Denis Willett, Ali Cala, Chris Smart, Larry Smart
Terpenes are fragrant compounds produced by the hemp plant for defense against insects and pathogens that give hemp its distinctive smell and taste. In addition to playing a protective role in plant defense, these compounds are important to consumers as they can interact with CBD and alter flavor profiles.
Production and Importance
Plant variety, health, production method, stage and pathogen infection influence terpene production. We are conducting trials to evaluate different stresses and production methods on terpene profiles and the profiles of other natural products in hemp.
Testing Procedure and Assessment
Our lab uses chromatography and mass spectrometry to identify and quantify amounts of terpenes and other natural products in hemp. We can do this by extracting chemicals directly from the leaves or by sampling fragrance profiles by collecting and analyzing smells given off by the plant.
Common Terpenes Found in CBD Hemp
|Terpene||Aroma||Vaporizes at (°F)||Found in|
|Pinene||Pine||311||Pine needles, Rosemary, Basil, Parsley, Dill|
|Myrcene||Cloves, Earthy, Herbal||332||Mango, Lemongrass, Thyme, Hops|
|Limonene||Citrus||348||Fruit rinds, Rosemary, Juniper, Peppermint|
|Caryophyllene||Pepper, Spicy, Woody, Cloves||266||Black pepper, Cloves, Cinnamon|
|Humulene||Woody, Earthy||222||Hops, Coriander, Cloves, Basil|
|Ocimene||Sweet, Herbal, Woody||122||Mint, Parsley, Pepper, Basil, Mangoes, Orchids, Kumquats|
|Terpinolene||Pine, Floral, Herbal||366||Nutmeg, Tea tree, Conifers, Apples, Cumin, Lilacs|
Chart adapted from an infographic at Leafly.com