John J. Hanchar, Cornell University/College of Agriculture & Life Sciences/NWNY Dairy, Livestock and Field Crops Program
Note: this version is dated 18 December 2019. It was prepared for the winter 2019/2020 meeting season.
Table 1. Value of production, variable, fixed and total costs, and returns, dollars per acre, by industrial hemp production scenario, conventional tillage system, New York, Preliminary 2020 budgets, 18 December 2019.
|Budget Items||Hemp Fiber Production & Harvest||Hemp Seed (Grain) Production & Harvest|
$ per Acre
|Hemp Fiber & Seed (Grain) Production & Harvest|
|Value of Production|
|Costs of Production|
|Fertilizers & Lime||76.66||76.66||76.66|
|Seeds & Plants||204.83||102.41||47.41|
|Sprays & Other Crop Inputs||18.51||65.30||41.49|
|Repair & Maintenance|
|Fuel & Lube||16.94||17.18||28.37|
|Interest on Operating Capital||9.52||7.91||7.29|
|Variable Costs Total||381.94||317.30||292.58|
|Value of Operator & Family Management|
|Fixed Costs Total||157.89||166.39||199.38|
|Returns above Variable Costs||253.26||382.70||605.82|
|Returns above Total Costs||95.37||215.70||406.44|
- Individuals are encouraged to study, consider the various sources of risk and uncertainty that characterize hemp enterprises — production, marketing (price and payment models, product sold, payment receipt), labor, legal, and financial – when making decisions regarding hemp’s place in cropping systems. Variability in outcomes requires considerable management input to develop and implement strategies for addressing risks and uncertainties.
- Reported totals may not equal the sum of individual items due to rounding.
- Expected value of hemp fiber production: $0.08 per pound; expected value of hemp seed (grain) production: $0.70 per pound
- Expected yield, hemp fiber production, fiber production and harvest only scenario: 3.97 tons per acre; expected yield, hemp fiber production, dual purpose fiber and seed (grain) production and harvest scenario: 1.24 tons per acre; expected yield, hemp seed (grain) production: 1,000 pounds per acre
- Revenues, costs and returns reflect expected 2020 price levels as of fall 2019.
- Fertilizers & Lime costs reflect Cornell University agronomists’ recommendations regarding N and Purdue University regarding phosphorus and potash.
- Seeds & Plants costs vary by scenario with respect to seeding rates, but are constant with respect to seed price per pound.
- Sprays & Other Crop Inputs include crop professional fees, machinery hire rent & lease, and others — estimates reflect no spray inputs.
- Labor costs reflect labor from hired and, or family and, or owner/operator sources.
- Machinery related variable and fixed costs per Lazarus. http://wlazarus.cfans.umn.edu/william-f-lazarus-farm-machinery-management
- This analysis excludes a charge for management inputs.
- Questions? Comments? Contact John Hanchar firstname.lastname@example.org
- Check the Cornell University Hemp website for updates and, or new analysis https://hemp.cals.cornell.edu/
Work to date has benefitted from
- the contributions of: Jodi Putman, Field Crops Specialist, Cornell University/CALS/CCE/NWNY Dairy, Livestock, & Field Crops Program; others from the Cornell University Industrial Hemp Research and Extension Group; and unnamed farm business owners
- funding from NYS Department of Agriculture and Markets, NYS Empire State Development Corporation, and others